The Rio Cinema in 1985

The Rio Cinema in 1985

More films are probably watched in the current era than at any other time in movie history – the majority on TV screens, computers, tablets and even mobile phones.

But to experience the splendour of cinema on the big screen there are only two places in Hackney: the Rio on Kingsland High Street and Hackney Picturehouse on Mare Street.

This wasn’t always the case. Over 60 cinemas have existed at one time or another within Hackney, and although all 60 were never in operation at the same time, there were around 30 cinemas operating in the golden years between 1920 and 1950. It is difficult to imagine stepping out onto Kingsland Road or Mare Street on a Saturday night and having 30 cinemas from which to choose!

Many of the Hackney cinemas opened during a flurry of entrepreneurial activity just before the First World War. There were extraordinary profits to be made; it was like a gold rush and numerous speculators and opportunists were all trying to get in on the cinema act. Film historian Luke McKernan called it “a phase of greedy speculation in cinema building”, with 52 cinemas established in Hackney in seven years, between 1907 and 1914.

hackney-picture-palace-_1914-620

Above: The Electric Picture Palace (boarded up, left) and the Hackney Picture Palace around 1914. Below: the site of the former cinemas on Mare Street today.”

hackney-picture-palace-site-of_2016

 

hackney-pavilion-_mare-st_opened-1914-620

Above: Hackney Pavilion on Mare Street circa 1960. The cinema opened in 1914. Below: The site of the former cinema. which is now a bank, today

hackney-pavilion-_mare-st_site-of_2016-620

Some were converted shops, chapels, churches and skating rinks, whilst others were struggling theatres and music halls eager to boost audiences and cash in on the phenomenon of moving pictures by installing screens and projectors. Still more were new, purpose-built cinemas. Although some closed down after a few years (their owners seemingly took the money and run), there was another flurry of cinema activity in the 1930s, when six luxurious ‘super’ cinemas were opened, with elegant art deco architecture and lavish interiors.

odeon-211-hackney-rd-_1938_620

The Odeon on 211 Hackney Road, which later became a Mecca Bingo. Below: the same site, which is set to become flats, in 2016

odeon-211-hackney-rd-_2016

regal-abc-mare-st-_1970-620

Above: The ABC (formerly Regal) on Mare Street in 1970. Below: site of the former cinema today

regal-abc-mare-st-_site-of_2016

These were the Regent (later renamed the Odeon) in Stamford Hill, the Regal (later the ABC) on Mare Street, the Savoy on Stoke Newington Road (later also an ABC), the Odeon on Hackney Road, the Ritz (again renamed the ABC) in Stamford Hill and finally the Odeon Dalston, along Kingsland Road, close to Dalston Junction. With gigantic interiors and massive screens, Hackney cinemagoers could wallow in the dark in warmth and comfort as the films unspooled.

regent-odeon-stamford-hill-_opened-1929-620

Above: The Regent in Stamford Hill, which opened in 1929. Below: Sainsbury’s, which occupies the same site today

regent-odeon-stamford-hill-site-of_2016-620
It is generally thought that the decline in cinema attendance in the 1950s was the result of the boom in television (the birth in fact of electronic home entertainment), but this is only part of the story.

Bombing during the Second World War had destroyed over a million buildings in London, and left 1.2 million Londoners homeless. As families moved to new towns such as Stevenage, Harlow, Hatfield and Basildon, communities broke up and traditional work and leisure patterns eroded. Cinema-going and many other pursuits were abandoned or displaced. By 1970 there were just nine cinemas in Hackney and by 1980 only three remained. When I left the Rio in 1989, it was down to one: the Rio was the only cinema still operating in the borough. But again leisure patterns have changed, and that number has now doubled.

Today there are campaigns and plans to restore both the Clapton Cinematograph Theatre (the Kenning Hall cinema) and the Castle in Brooksbys Walk. If successful, an additional two cinema venues in the borough will mean that the opportunities for Hackney residents to see films on the big screen will have doubled yet again!

The accompanying pictures show some of Hackney’s glorious cinemas; how they once looked, and how the sites look now. If you have any memories of cinemas and cinema-going in Hackney, leave a message in the comments below.

This article is based on a talk given to the Friends of Hackney Archives on 7 September 2016.

Photo credits: Hackney Archives, Cinema Theatres Association, Cinema Treasures

For further information about the Clapton Cinematograph Theatre campaign, visit saveourcinema.org/ and for the Castle Cinema see kickstarter.com/projects/pillowcinema/revive-the-castle-cinema

savoy-abc-cinema-stoke-newington-rd-1963-620

ABC cinema (formerly Savoy) on Stoke Newington Road in 1963. Below: Efes snooker club, which operates on the same site today

savoy-abc-stoke-newington-rd-_2016-620

 

coliseum-_31-33-stoke-newington-rd_1970-620

Above: Coliseum cinema at 31-33 Stoke Newington Road in 1970. Below: the same site 15 years on in 1985

coliseum-_31-33-stoke-newington-rd_1985-620

 

odeon-dalston-_stamford-rd_1948_620

Odeon Dalston on Stamford Road in 1948. Below: the site today

odeon-dalston-_stamford-rd_site-of-2016-620

 

stamford-hill-super-cinema-152-158-clapton-common_1930-620

Above: The 1928 film Why Sailors Go Wrong plays at Stamford Hill Cinema. Below: Asda, on the site of the cinema today

stamford-hill-super-cinema-152-158-clapton-common_site-of_2016-620

 

Support us

The coronavirus outbreak meant that the Hackney Citizen was unable to print a monthly newspaper for three months.

We're grateful that we have since been able to resume printing. This would not have been possible without the generosity of our readers, whose donations kept the paper from disappearing completely at a distressing time for residents.

A huge thank you to everyone who gave their time and money to support us through the lockdown, and to those who continue to do so as we slowly recover from the dramatic fall in advertising revenues, on top of the existing challenges threatening the future of local journalism.

A one-off donation or a regular contribution from anyone who can afford it will help our small team keep the newspaper in print and the website running in the coming months and years.

Find out how you can donate.

Thank you for your support, and stay safe.

The Hackney Citizen team